Professor of French literature at Stanford University, associate at Cevipof at Sciences Po Paris, Cécile Alduy is primarily a semiotician. She has specialized in the lexical analysis of political discourses, which are the subject of many of her recent research. His work ? Decrypt “what they really say,” to use the title of his latest book, published in 2017. Focusing on the terms and lexical fields used by women and politicians, and more specifically in this book by candidates In the last presidential election, Cécile Alduy illuminates for us the real speech that comes from politicians, when we take them at their word.